Global Fund Replenishment 2016: The Cost of Inaction demonstrates that inadequate investment in the Global Fund will threaten millions of lives and result in billions of dollars in additional costs. According to the report, failure to fully fund the global responses for AIDS, TB and malaria, including replenishing the Global Fund, over the next six years, will:
- Result in 21 million preventable AIDS deaths and 28 million preventable new HIV infections;
- Give rise to 45 million new TB infections and an additional 29 million people needing treatment;
- Jeopardize the potential to avert 3 million malaria cases and save 10 million lives.
Additionally, the Cost of Inaction report describes how simply maintaining current levels of investment could result in a rise of drug-resistant strains of HIV, TB and malaria that are even more costly to treat. For example, the number of people with HIV who will require more expensive second-line treatments – usually as a result of drug resistance – is estimated to double between 2014 and 2020.